ICAR-IARI develops Climate Smart Drought Hardy Chickpea variety Pusa JG 16
ICAR – Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi in collaboration with its Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya Jabalpur, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior and ICRISAT, Patancheru Hyderabad developed drought hardy and higher yielding chickpea variety ‘Pusa JG 16’ which will enhance productivity in the drought-prone areas of Central Zone consisting of Madhya Pradesh, Bundelkhand Area of U.P, Chhattisgarh, Southern Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat, where terminal drought is a major problem and sometimes leads to 50-100 % loss of yield.
Pusa JG 16 variety was developed by using genomic-assisted breeding techniques that allowed the precision transfer of drought-tolerant genes from ICC 4958 in the parental variety J.G.16. The drought tolerance of this variety was affirmed through national-level testing by the All India Coordinated Research Programme of Chickpea.
Dr. A.K. Singh, Director, ICAR-IARI emphasized that the ‘Pusa JG 16’ variety will be a boon for the farmers of drought-prone areas of Central Zone of the country. He congratulated the breeders and all the partners on this outstanding achievement.
ICAR-IARI Chickpea team led by Dr. C Bharadwaj, Principle Scientist in collaboration with Dr. Rajeev Varshney and Dr. Manish Roorkiwal from ICRISAT, Dr. Anita Babbar from JNKVV and Dr. Indu Swarup from RVSKVV developed the variety.
Dr. Bhardwaj emphasized that besides being highly drought tolerant, this variety is resistant to fusarium wilt and stunt diseases, having short duration maturity (110 days) and a yield potential of >2ton/ha under drought stress conditions over the recurrent parent JG 16 (1.3 ton/ha).
(Source: ICAR – Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi)